EIA Country Report for Bolivia

Legal Framework
State, Country or Province: 
Bolivia
EIA law: 
Ley de Medio Ambiente (Act of the Environment) and Decreto Supremo No 24176, of December 8th 1995
EIA Regulations: 
Reglamento de Control y Prevención Ambiental (Regulations of Environmental Control and Protection)
EIA Procedure
Projects Requiring EIA: 
Government projects
Projects Requiring EIA: 
Private projects
Abridged Assessments: 
Yes
Assessments Detail: 
Category 3 and 4 projects do not need a full EIA. EIA Regulations, Articles 15, 17. Category 3 projects only require mitigation and monitoring plan (Category 4 projects are completely exempt). The project proponent applies to the Authority for a screening decision to determine if an EIA is required. EIA Regulations, Article 39.
Best Practices in Lieu of EIA: 
No
Who Conducts Screening: 
Government
Who Conducts Screening Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 21, 22, 40, 42 and 45
Criteria for Screening: 
List or appendix of project or activity types
Criteria for Screening: 
Proposed project or activity may cause significant environmental impact
Criteria for Screening: 
Possible impact to, or adjacent to, a protected area
Criteria for Screening Detail: 
During the Scoping process, project proponents must present a “Ficha Ambiental” (Environmental Factsheet) with information on the possible impacts of the project to the environment according to a specific methodology. If the authority considers that the project will cause significant environmental impact in one or more elements of the environment it will require the presentation of an EIA. The regulations list some projects that do not require a full EIA. See EIA Regulations, Articles 15, 16, 17. Article 16 offers a full list of factors to determine whether an EIA is required.
Who Prepares EIA: 
Project Proponent (with or without contractor)
Who Prepares EIA Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 38, 51
Who Pays for EIA: 
Project Proponent
Who Pays for EIA Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 38
EIA Contractor Qualifications: 
Yes
EIA Contractor Qualifications Detail: 
EIA contractors must register, but there are no minimum qualifications for expertise. EIA Regulations, Article 36
Conflict of Interest: 
No
Terms of Reference (TOR): 
No
Days for Decisionmaker Review: 
30 days
Automatic Approval: 
Yes
Automatic Approval Detail: 
If the Authority does not make a decision within the time limits specified in the law, the project is deemed to have been approved. The mitigation measures proposed in the EIA will work as if they had been approved and established by the Authority. EIA Regulations, Article 79
Written Decision: 
Yes
Written Decision Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Article 79
Authority to Impose Conditions: 
Yes
Authority to Impose Conditions Details: 
The Declaration of Environmental Impact constitutes the environmental license for a project, work or activity and sets out the environmental conditions that must be met. EIA Regulations, Article 81
Expiry of Decision: 
10 years (generally)
Expiry of Decision Detail: 
The 10 year validity period is established by the General Regulations on Environmental Management, Article 61. If the project is suspended for more than one year, the project proponent must present an updated study of current environmental conditions to, if it is the case, update the proposed mitigation measures before re-starting the project. EIA Regulations, Article 90
Financial Assurances or Bond: 
No
EIA Content
Interdisciplinary Team: 
Yes
Interdisciplinary Team Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Article 34
Range of Alternatives: 
Yes
Range of Alternatives Detail: 
The law requires project proponents to include an analysis of alternative sites for the project. The law is not clear whether an EIA must include a discussion of project alternatives. See EIA Regulations, Article 23
No Action Alternative: 
No
Type(s) of Impact Analysis: 
Direct environmental impacts
Type(s) of Impact Analysis: 
Cumulative environmental impacts
Type(s) of Impact Analysis: 
Social impacts
Type(s) of Impact Analysis: 
Health impacts
Type(s) of Impact Analysis: 
Economic impacts
Mitigation: 
Yes
Mitigation Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 23, 59
Monitoring Plans: 
Yes
Monitoring Plans Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Article 23
Access to Information
Public Notice of Draft EIA: 
No
Draft EIA Available: 
Yes
Draft EIA Available Detail: 
Draft EIAs are available at the office in charge of carrying out the EIA process. EIA Regulations, Article 161
Draft EIA Locations: 
Agency or ministry office
Public Notice of Final EIA: 
No
Public Notice of Final EIA Detail: 
There are no provisions in the law requiring the public to be notified; however, authorities may provide notice in practice.
Final EIA Available: 
Yes
Final EIA Available Detail: 
Final EIAs are available at the office in charge of carrying out the EIA process. EIA Regulations, Articles 161 and 164
Final EIA Locations: 
Agency or ministry office
Fee to View EIA Documents: 
No
Fee to Obtain EIA Documents: 
Yes
Availability of Reference Studies: 
No
Availability of Reference Studies Detail: 
There is no reference in the EIA law or regulations guaranteeing public access to supporting data and studies.
Public Notice of Final Decision: 
Yes
Public Notice of Final Decision Detail: 
"A summary of the DIA [decision] will be posted on a bulletin and will be available in the prefectures in the relevant sector agencies and municipal governments." EIA Regulations, Article 88
Public Participation
Public Scoping: 
No
Public Scoping Detail: 
Interested persons may submit information and contact the relevant authorities during the screening process about the project categorization, or to provide information about the impacts such project will have on the environment. However, the authorities do not formally request this information and there is not a public notice informing the public that a project is undergoing a scoping process.
Public Review of TOR: 
No
Public Participation Opportunities: 
Scoping
Public Participation Opportunities: 
Review of draft EIA
Public Participation Opportunities: 
Public meetings and/or public hearings
Public Participation Opportunities: 
Review of final EIA
Public Meetings: 
Yes
Public Meetings Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 162 and 165
Public Input at Meeting: 
Yes
Public Input at Meeting Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 162 and 165
Criteria to Hold Public Meeting: 
Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required
Days for Public to Review Draft EIA: 
Not specified
Days for Public to Review Final EIA: 
Not specified
Public Comments on Draft EIA: 
Yes
Public Comments on Draft EIA Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Articles 162 and 164
Public Comments on Final EIA: 
Yes
Public Comments on Final EIA Detail: 
EIA Regulations, Article 164
Response to Public Comments: 
Yes
Response to Public Comments Detail: 
The authority must take into consideration comments that have been submitted by the public if it determines that the comments have a technical and legal basis. EIA Regulations, Article 164
Facilitation of Public Participation: 
No
Judicial Review/Enforcement
Citizen Administrative Review Detail: 
This criteria is not addressed in the EIA law or regulations, but may be addressed in another set of laws.
Citizen Judicial Review Detail: 
This criteria is not addressed in the EIA law or regulations, but may be addressed in another set of laws.
Project Monitoring: 
Yes
Project Monitoring Detail: 
Each EIA must contain a monitoring plan. EIA Regulations, Article 149. Environmental authorities may also conduct site visits to verify compliance with EIA Regulations and the DIA [approval decision]. EIA Regulations, Article 153
Enforceability of EIA: 
Yes
Enforceability of EIA Detail: 
Citizens may file complaints (denuncias) before the authority about the lack of compliance of the EIA. EIA Regulations, Article 166. However, any person or organization that files a complaint is liable for any injury or damages the complaint might cause. Article 85 of General Regulations for Environmental Management (http://www.lexivox.org//norms/BO-RE-DS24176A.html)
Enforceability of Permit: 
Yes
Enforceability of Permit Detail: 
Citizens may file complaints (denuncias) before the authority about the lack of compliance with mitigation measures or conditions in the DIA [approval decision]. EIA Regulations, Article 166. Howeverany person or organization that files a complaint is liable for any injury or damages the complaint might cause. Article 85 of General Regulations for Environmental Management (http://www.lexivox.org//norms/BO-RE-DS24176A.html)
   Updated 31 Dec, 2012