EIA Country Report for Venezuela

Legal Framework
State, Country or Province: 
Venezuela
EIA law: 
Ley Orgánica del Ambiente
EIA Regulations: 
Decree No. 1.257 (Normas sobre Evaluación Ambiental de Actividades Susceptibles de Degradar el Ambiente)
EIA Procedure
Projects Requiring EIA: 
Government projects
Projects Requiring EIA: 
Private projects
Abridged Assessments: 
Yes
Assessments Detail: 
There are two other levels of assessment. The first requires the presentation of a “Specific Environmental Assessment.” This assessment is used in cases of re-opening, closure, or transformation of an activity or project that would require a full EIA. It is also used in cases where the proposed project should not present a full EIA but the authority considers that there should be some environmental evaluation. The environmental authority will set-out the scope of this evaluation on a case by case basis. The second level is for projects or programs that do not require a full EIA or a Specific Assessment because of their low environmental impacts. In these cases, the Ministry, through a resolution, establishes a list of required documents for certain kinds of activities and/or projects. Decree 1.257, Articles 8, 9
Best Practices in Lieu of EIA: 
No
Who Conducts Screening: 
Government
Who Conducts Screening Detail: 
Decree 1.257, Article 4
Criteria for Screening: 
List or appendix of project or activity types
Criteria for Screening: 
Other
Criteria for Screening Detail: 
In addition to the list of projects, the authority may required an EIA based on project characteristics, potential effects, and the conditions of the area to be affected by the project/activity. Decree 1.257, Article 5
Who Prepares EIA: 
Project Proponent (with or without contractor)
Who Prepares EIA Detail: 
Decree 1.257, Article 10
Who Pays for EIA: 
Project Proponent
Who Pays for EIA Detail: 
This is not specifically addressed in the law or regulations, but presumed from the fact that the project proponent is responsible for preparing the EIA. See Decree 1.257, Article 10
EIA Contractor Qualifications Detail: 
Contractors must register with the Ministry for the Environment. Decree 1.257, Article 34
Conflict of Interest: 
No
Terms of Reference (TOR): 
Yes
Terms of Reference Detail: 
The project proponent prepares the TOR for review and approval by the Ministry. Decree 1.257, Article 7
Days for Decisionmaker Review: 
Not specified
EIA Content
Interdisciplinary Team: 
Yes
Interdisciplinary Team Detail: 
Decree 1.257, Article 7
Range of Alternatives: 
Yes
Range of Alternatives Detail: 
Decree 1.257, Article 7
No Action Alternative: 
No
Type(s) of Impact Analysis: 
Direct environmental impacts
Access to Information
Public Notice of Draft EIA: 
Yes
Draft EIA Available: 
Yes
Public Notice of Final EIA: 
No
Final EIA Available: 
Yes
Final EIA Available Detail: 
Approved EIAs are available to the public at the offices of the Ministry for the Environment. Decree 1.257, Article 27.
Final EIA Locations: 
Agency or ministry office
Public Participation
Public Scoping: 
No
Public Participation Opportunities: 
Review of draft EIA
Public Participation Opportunities: 
Public meetings and/or public hearings
Public Meetings: 
Sometimes
Public Input at Meeting: 
Yes
Public Input at Meeting Detail: 
Decree 1.257, Article 26
Criteria to Hold Public Meeting: 
Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing
   Updated 16 Jun, 2016