State, Country or Provincesort icon EIA law Law Link EIA Regulations Regulations Link EIA Guidelines or Other Guidance Guidance Link Projects Requiring EIA Abridged Assessments Best Practices in Lieu of EIA Who Conducts Screening Criteria for Screening Criteria for Screening Detail Terms of Reference (TOR) Who Prepares EIA Who Pays for EIA EIA Contractor Qualifications Conflict of Interest Days for Decisionmaker Review Automatic Approval Written Decision Authority to Impose Conditions Expiry of Decision Financial Assurances or Bond Interdisciplinary Team Range of Alternatives No Action Alternative Type(s) of Impact Analysis Mitigation Monitoring Plans Public Notice of Draft EIA Draft EIA Available Draft EIA Locations Public Notice of Final EIA Final EIA Available Final EIA Locations Fee to View EIA Documents Fee to Obtain EIA Documents Availability of Reference Studies Public Notice of Final Decision Public Scoping Public Review of TOR Public Participation Opportunities Public Meetings Public Input at Meeting Criteria to Hold Public Meeting Days for Public to Review Draft EIA Public Comments on Draft EIA Days for Public to Review Final EIA Public Comments on Final EIA Response to Public Comments Facilitation of Public Participation Project Monitoring Citizen Administrative Review Citizen Judicial Review Enforceability of EIA Enforceability of Permit
Afghanistan Islamic Republic of Afghanistan Environment Law,... Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2008 National Administrative Guidelines for the... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types No person may undertake an activity that is likely to cause significant impact to the environment without following applicable EIA procedures. Envt. Law, art. 13. Schedule I of the EIA Regulations contains categorization of activities. No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 45 days No Yes Yes 3 years No No Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes No No Not Available Yes No Other No Yes Yes Yes
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required Variable Yes Yes No No Yes Yes No No
Australia - NSW Environmental Planning and Assessment Act 1979 (... Environment, Planning and Assessment Regulation 2000 (NSW)(EPAR) Government projects No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No No Yes
Belize Environmental Protection Act, 2000; Environmental... Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, Environmental Impact Assessment (Amendment) Regulations, 2007 Procedures Manual for the Preparation of an... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "All undertakings, projects, or activities specified in Schedule I shall require an environmental impact assesment." EIA Regulations, sec. 7. An EIA for activities listed in Schedule II are discretionary, and determined by the Departments. EIA Regulations, sec. 8. See also Section 20(1), Environmental Protection Act (EIA required if project may cause significant environmental impact). Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days No Yes Yes Variable Sometimes No Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes No Yes Yes
Internet
Library
Local government office
No No Yes No No
Public...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No Variable Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Bolivia Ley de Medio Ambiente (Act of the Environment)... Reglamento de Control y Prevención Ambiental (Regulations of Environmental Control and Protection) Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types During the Scoping process, project proponents must present a “Ficha Ambiental” (Environmental Factsheet) with information on the possible impacts of the project to the environment according to a specific methodology. If the authority considers that the project will cause significant environmental impact in one or more elements of the environment it will require the presentation of an EIA. The regulations list some projects that do not require a full EIA. See EIA Regulations, Articles 15, 16, 17. Article 16 offers a full list of factors to determine whether an EIA is required. No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30 days Yes Yes Yes 10 years (generally) No Yes Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes No Yes No No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required Not specified Yes Not specified Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Botswana Environmental Assessment Act, 2011 Environmental Assessment Regulations, 2012 Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types EIA Regulations, Schedule 1 (listing activities that require preparation of EIA; requiring EIA for projects within 2km of "environmentally sensitive" areas; requiring EIA for projects that may cause a public outcry or cause displacement of people). See also EIA Act, sec. 9(1) ("Where the competent authority determines that the proposed activity is likely to have a significant adverse environmental impact, it shall require that such activity undergo an environmental impact assessment. . . .") Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60+ No Yes Yes Variable (specified in authorisation) No No Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Sometimes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Sometimes Yes
The proposed project is controversial
Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing
28 days Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Brazil Brazilian Constitution, Art. 225 sec. 1(IV);... Resolutions of the National Environment Council - CONAMA 01/1986; 06/1987; 09/1987; 01/1988; 237/1997; 279/2001 Regulatory Instructions and Ordinances issued by... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "In order to ensure the effectiveness of this right [to an ecologically balanced environment], it is incumbent upon the Government to. . . demand in the manner prescribed by law, for the installation of works and activities which may potentially cause significant degradation of the environment, a prior environmental impact study, which shall be made public[.]" Federal Constitution Chapter VI, Article 225, para. 1(4). Lists and appendices of project types are located in Annex I of the National Environment Council’s (CONAMA) Resolution 237/97 and in other State’s Regulatory Instructions and Ordinances. Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 60+ No Yes Yes Variable (depending on type of authorization) No Yes Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet Yes
Internet
Library
Agency or ministry office
Local government office
No No No No Yes Yes
Scoping...
Sometimes Yes
Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing
Other
Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
British Columbia, Canada Environmental Assessment Act Public Consultation Policy Regulation, B.C. Reg. 373/2002; Reviewable Projects Regulation, B.C. Reg. 370/2002 Environmental Assessment Office User Guide (June... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Projects that are subject to environmental assessment are listed in the Reviewable Projects Regulation, B.C. Reg. 370/2002. Also, the minister may by order designate a project as reviewable if the minister is satisfied that the project may have significant adverse environmental, social, economic, heritage or health effect and the project has not substantially started. EA Act, sec. 6. Haddock (2010) notes that there are significant gaps in the Reviewable Projects Regulation that allow major development projects (e.g. exploratory oil drilling, agricultural industry, forest logging) to proceed without adequate consideration of environmental impacts. See Haddock, M. & ELC, "Environmental Assessment in British Columbia" p. 17 (available at http://www.elc.uvic.ca/publications/documents/ELC_EA-IN-BC_Nov2010.pdf) Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 180 No Yes Yes 3-5 years No No No No
Direct...
No Not Available Yes Yes
Internet
Agency or ministry office
No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Scoping...
Yes Yes
Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required
Other
No 30-75 Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No No
China Law of the People's Republic of China on... Chinese Plan Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2009 (unofficial translation; applies to government plans only) EIA Guidelines - Atmospheric Environment (... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "[W]here considerable effects may be exerted on the environment preparing a written report on environmental effects, in which a comprehensive evaluation of the effects on the environment shall be made[.]" EIA Law, Art. 16(1). No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 60 No Yes Yes 5 years No
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Other Yes Agency or ministry office Yes No
Review of...
Sometimes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required Not specified Yes No Sometimes No Yes
Colombia Law 99 of 1993 as amended by Act 1450 of 2011 (... Decree 2041 of 2014 Handbook on Environmental Impact Studies (2002) (... Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Decree 2820 of 2010, Articles 8 & 9. When special ecosystems may be affected (wetlands included in the List of Wetlands of International Importance, moors or mangroves), the authority must request prior concept to the Ministry of Environment, Housing and Territorial Development. Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 days No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes Yes Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet Yes Yes
Internet
Agency or ministry office
Local government office
Other
No No Yes Yes Yes Yes
Scoping...
Yes Yes
Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing
The proposed project exceeds a certain size and or cost
Not specified Yes Not specified Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Costa Rica Organic Act of the Environment 7554 (Ley Orgánica... Regulations on Environmental Impact Assessment Procedures, Decree 31849-2004 (Reglamento General sobre los Procedimientos de Evaluación de Impacto Ambiental, Decreto 31849-2004). Guidelines of Technical Tools for the... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types EIA Regulations, Article 7 Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 10 weeks (and up to 5 months for large-scale... No Yes Yes 2 years Yes Yes Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes No No
Review of...
Yes Yes
Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing
Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing
Variable Yes Variable Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Egypt Law for the Protection of the Environment (Law 4/... Executive Regulations (Arabic only) Guidelines of Principles and Procedures for... Government projects Yes Government List or appendix of project or activity types Proposed projects are categorized by potential impact. The Executive Regulations contain illustrative lists to guide project proponents Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Not specified Yes Variable (specified in license) Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Yes
Scoping...
Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 15 days Yes No Yes Yes
England and Wales Town and Country Planning Act 1990 The Town and Country Planning (Environmental Impact Assessment) (England and Wales) Regulations 2011 Circular 02/99: Environmental impact assessment Government projects Yes Government List or appendix of project or activity types For Schedule 1 projects an EIA must always be carried out. For Schedule 2 projects an EIA must be carried out if the development is likely to have a significant impact on the environment by virtue of its nature, size or location. Developments which meet or exceed the applicable threshold are considered on a case-by-case basis. For the purpose of determining whether EIA is necessary, those of the selection criteria set out in Schedule 3 to the Regulations which are relevant to the proposed development, must be taken into account. See Regulations, sec. 4 (screening) Sometimes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No Yes Yes No No Yes No
Direct...
Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Estonia Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental... Detailed List of Areas of Activity Requiring Consideration of Need for Initiation of Environmental Impact Assessment Government of the Republic Regulation No. 224 of 29 August 2005 Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "Environmental impact shall be assessed: 1) upon application for or application for amendment of a development consent if the proposed activity which is the basis for application for or amendment of the development consent potentially results in significant environmental impact; 2) if activities are proposed which alone or in conjunction with other activities may potentially significantly affect a Natura 2000 site." EIA & EMS Act, sec. 3 "Environmental impact is significant if it may potentially exceed the environmental capacity of a site, cause irreversible changes to the environment, endanger human health and well-being, the environment, cultural heritage or property." EIA & EMS Act, sec. 5. Section 6 provides a list of activities that have significant impacts. See also Detailed List of Areas of Activity Requiring Consideration of Need for Initiation of Environmental Impact Assessment Government of the Republic Regulation No. 224 of 29 August 2005 (available at http://www.legaltext.ee/en/andmebaas/ava.asp?m=022) Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 30 days Yes Yes Not specified No No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No No Not Available Yes Yes
Internet
Agency or ministry office
No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Scoping...
Yes At least 14 days Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Fiji Environment Management Act, 2005 Environment Management (EIA Process) Regulations 2007 Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) Guidelines (... Government projects No No Government Proposed project or activity may cause... "If the approving authority determines that the activity or undertaking will cause a significant environmental or resource management impact, the development proposal must be subject to the EIA process." EM Act, sec. 27(4). See also EIA Regulations, sec. 6(1) Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 35 days No Yes Yes Not specified Sometimes No Yes Yes Direct environmental impacts Yes Yes No No Not Available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes No Sometimes Yes
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No 21 days Yes No No Yes Yes
Ghana The Environmental Protection Agency Act, 1994 Environmental Assessment Regulations, 1999 Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types The Agency has authority to request an EIA from any person responsible for an activity that may have adverse effect on the environment. EPA Act sec. 12(1); EA Regulations sec. 3 + Schedule 1 Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 90 No Yes No 18 months Yes No Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes No No Not Available Yes No Agency or ministry office No No No No Yes No
Scoping...
Sometimes Yes The proposed project is controversial No unspecified Yes Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Guatemala Decreto Número 68-86 Ley de Protección y... Acuerdo Gubernativo 431-2007, Reglamento de Evaluación, Control y Seguimiento Ambiental Manual de Procedimientos de Evaluación Ambiental... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types EIA Regulations, Article 12; Acuerdo Gubernativo No 134-2005, Article 1 Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 30-90 days (depending on project classification) Yes Yes Yes Variable (specified in authorization) Yes No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Sometimes Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Not Available No Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 20 days Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Guyana Environmental Protection Act Environmental Protection (Authorisations) Regulations 2000 Various Ministry guidelines have been published... Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "A developer of any project listed in the Fourth Schedule, or any other project which may significantly affect the environment, shall apply to the Agency for an environmental permit. . . ." EP Act, sec. 11(1); Schedule 4. When it is not clear whether a project will significantly affect the environment, the project developer must submit a project summary and the Agency will determine whether it is subject to the EIA requirements or not. EP Act, sec. 11(2) Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No Variable (at least 60 days) No Yes Yes 5 years Sometimes No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 60 days Yes Yes No Yes Yes No
Israel Planning & Building Law 5725-1965 (with... Planning & Building Regulations (Environmental Impact Statements) 5763-2003 Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types The regulations identified certain types of activities that require the project proponent to submit an EIS. P&B Regulations, sec. 2(a). An EIS may be required for any plan that may have a significant impact on the environment. P&B Regulations sec. 2(2), 2(3). Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 31-60 No Yes Yes Indefinite. No No Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes No Other Yes Yes
Internet
Agency or ministry office
No No Yes Yes No No Review of final EIA No Other No No No No Yes Yes Yes No No
Japan Environmental Impact Assessment Law, Law No. 81... Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types The screening judgement is made by the authorizing agency in accordance with the judgment criteria. In making the judgment, opinions from the prefectural governor who is well-acquainted with the local situation should be taken into consideration. EIA Law, Art. 4; see also MoE Publication, "EIA in Japan" Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 210 No Yes Indefinite No Direct environmental impacts Yes No Yes Yes Other Yes Yes Other Yes
Scoping...
Yes No Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 30 Yes 30 Yes Yes No No No
Kenya Environmental Management and Co-Ordination Act,... The Environmental (Impact Assessment and Audit) Regulations, 2003 Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types EMCA sec. 58(1) + Second Schedule; EIA required for any activity that "may introduce exotic species" or "lead to unsustainable use of any ecosystem." EMCA Regulations (2006) sec. 4; see also EIA Regulations (2003) sec. 4 Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 Yes Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No Other Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Yes Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No 90 Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes No Yes
Korea Environmental Impact Assessment Act (English... Presidential Decree No. 22702: Enforcement Decree of the Environmental Impact Assessment Act Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin -... Government projects Yes No Developer List or appendix of project or activity types Screening is achieved primarily by reference to a list of project types. See EIA Act Art. 4(1). Additional details on the scope of projects subject to environmental impact assessment are provided in Table 1 of Presidential Decree 22702. This table is reproduced on pp. 12-13 of Korea Environmental Policy Bulletin on Environmental Impact Assessment. (xxx) Projects that fall outside of EIA Act may be subject to environmental impact assessment under Municipal Ordinance of City/Do. See EIA Act Art. 5(1). Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 45 days (may be extended to 60 days No Yes Not specified No No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet No No Yes No Yes No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing 20-60 days Yes No Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Laos Environmental Protection Law Decree on Environmental Impact Assessment Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes
Liberia Environmental Protection and Management Law of... Environmental Impact Assessment Procedural... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types EP&M Law, secs. 6(1), 8; Annex I "Projects/Activities Requiring an Environmental Impact Assessment Mandatory List" Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 No Yes Yes Indefinite Sometimes No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No No Not Available Yes Yes
Internet
Agency or ministry office
No No Yes Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Sometimes Yes
Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing
The proposed project is controversial
No 30 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Malaysia Environmental Quality Act 1974 (EQA) (as amended) Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types Prescribed activities are described in the Environmental Quality (Prescribed Activities)(Environmental Impact Assessment) Order, 1987 Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes No 90 Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Direct environmental impacts Yes No No No Other Yes Yes
Library
Agency or ministry office
No No No No Yes Review of final EIA Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting or hearing Yes No No No No No No No
Malta Environment and Development Planning Act, Cap. 504 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2007 (S.L. 504.79) Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "Any development listed under Category I of Schedule IA to these regulations shall require a full environmental impact assessment by the preparation of an environmental impact statement. . . ." EIA Regulations, sec. 3(4). The Director of Environmental Protection may require a project proponent to prepare a full EIA "if he is of the opinion that significant impacts are likely to occur having regard to the criteria set out in Schedule IB and a normal planning application or an environmental planning statement do not provide an adequate basis for evaluating such development." EIA Regulations, sec. 3(6). Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Not specified No Yes Yes Variable (at discretion of Authority) Sometimes No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes Yes Yes Internet Yes Yes
Internet
Agency or ministry office
No Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 22-37 days Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes
Mexico Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección... Reglamento de la Ley General del Equilibrio Ecológico y Protección al Ambiente en Materia de Impacto Ambiental Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types LGEEPA, Art. 28 No Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days (may be extended by 60 days) No Yes Yes Sometimes Yes No No
Direct...
Yes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office Yes No
Public...
Sometimes Yes
Members of the public must request a meeting and/or hearing
Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing
20 days (plus 10 days to view abstract) Yes No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Myanmar Environmental Conservation Law, No. 9/2012 Environmental Conservation Rules, Notification No. 50/2014 Environmental Impact Assessment Procedure,... Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types EIA Procedure, secs. 25-28; EIA Procedure, Annex I Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes 90 days (may be extended) No Yes Yes 5 years (may be renewed) Sometimes No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No No Not Available Yes Yes
Internet
Library
Agency or ministry office
Other
Yes Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required No Variable Yes Yes No Yes Yes Yes No No
Namibia Environmental Management Act - No. 7 of 2007 Environmental Impact Assessment Regulations, 2012 Procedures and Guidelines for Environmental... Government projects No No Government List or appendix of project or activity types "Assessments must be undertaken for activities which may have a significant effects on the environment or the use of natural resources." EM Act, sec. 3(2)(e); "The Minister…may list…activities which may not be undertaken without an environmental clearance certificate." EM Act, sec. 27(1). See Annexure to Government Notice No. 29 of 2012, List of Activities that May Not Be Undertaken Without Environmental Clearance Certificate. Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent Yes Yes Variable (at least 14 days) No Yes Yes 3 years No No Yes No
Direct...
Yes Yes No Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No Yes Yes No
Scoping...
Sometimes Yes Ministry or agency has discretion to decide whether to hold a meeting and/or hearing 21 days Yes No No Yes Yes Yes No No
Nepal Environment Protection Act, 2053 (1997) (English... Environment Protection Rules, 2054 (1997) (English translation) Government projects Yes No Government List or appendix of project or activity types See Schedule -1 and -2 of Environment Protection Rules Yes Project Proponent (with or without contractor) Project Proponent No No 60 days (may be extended by 30 days) No Yes Indefinite No No Yes Yes
Direct...
Yes Yes No Not Available Yes Yes Agency or ministry office No No Yes No
Scoping...
Yes Yes Public meeting and/or hearing is automatically required 30 Yes Yes No Yes No Yes Yes Yes